Artificial Intelligence with Simple States

Artificial Intelligence with Simple States

Artificial Intelligence with Simple States

The artificial intelligence that was used for the first time in the 1950s can cause controversy. Both the voice assistants in our lives and the humanoid robots in movies are called “artificial intelligence”. But this is nothing more than an ordinary language misconception. What is artificial intelligence, how many kinds of artificial intelligence are there, we explained in its simplest form.

The “narrow” artificial intelligence that is already in use is something that we see, experience and even determine our lives on our computers, mobile phones and almost everywhere. Basically, artificial intelligence is the smart system that teaches or learns how to perform certain scheduled tasks. Artificial intelligence is used in the speech and language recognition of the Siri virtual assistant on the Apple iPhone, the speech recognition systems in the automobiles that go to it, and the advertisement promotion systems that suggest the products you may like based on the product you have purchased.

According to another definition, artificial intelligence refers to the ability of a computer or a computer-controlled robot to demonstrate at least some of human intelligence-related behavior and to perform various activities similar to intelligent creatures. Among the capabilities that artificial intelligence can fulfill; It consists of various activities such as planning, learning, reasoning, problem solving, information display, perception and movement. The English version is also frequently used with the AI ÔÇőÔÇőabbreviation.

Where is artificial intelligence used today?

Artificial Intelligence with Simple States

You get suggestions for your next purchase on an e-commerce site, used to understand what you’re saying to Amazon’s virtual assistants such as Alexa and Apple’s Siri, to recognize who or what is in the photo, to detect spam mails or to detect credit card fraud. Artificial intelligence (AI) is used frequently in sports competitions, fashion designs, art works, health, automotive, finance and economics, computer games, matchmaking applications, social networking platforms and many other areas.

For example, by adopting the concept of abstract art, he can produce works like an artist who produces works. You can not understand the pictures in some works that produced artist or artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence can remove obstacles. PocketVision is one of the best examples in this sense. If we diversify the knits a little more, even an Iron Man armor that works with voice commands can be made using artificial intelligence technology.

How many types of artificial intelligence are there?

In his infographic study “Types of AI: From Reactive to Self-Aware” published in Futurism, artificial intelligence types are listed under 4 main headings. These; artificial intelligence with purely reactive, limited memory, theory of mind and self awareness.

1. Reactive Artificial intelligence (Real):

Artificial Intelligence with Simple States

It is the simplest form of artificial intelligence. In summary, they perceive the environment or situation completely and act according to what they see. This type of artificial intelligence cannot shape memories because it does not have a broader worldview and is completely reactive. Since it has no memory, it cannot offer a decision mechanism for current issues according to past experiences. Google’s AlphaGo, which beats IBM’s computer Deep Blue and human Go players, which beat Kasparov in chess, are among the examples of purely reactive artificial intelligence that can specialize in a single area.

2. Artificial Intelligence with Limited Memory (Real):

Artificial Intelligence with Simple States

This type of artificial intelligence collects information learned in the past and adds it to its predecessors. It has enough memory and experience to make the right decisions and take appropriate action. Examples are driverless vehicles, chatbot types and personal virtual assistants.

3. Theory of Mind (Fictional):

Artificial Intelligence with Simple States

This is the type of work that gets a bit more frightening. Why do you say? As the development of artificial intelligence accelerates, the question we most ask as people is whether machine learning can make artificial intelligence conscious. The artificial intelligence form that supports the theory of mind reinforces our concerns on this matter. Because he has the capacity to understand the feelings and ideas that affect the behavior of the people around him. This type of artificial intelligence, which can understand feelings, motivations, and expectations that are the source of their behavior, can also interact socially. We can give examples to this genre, which is still under construction, with R2-D2 and C-3PO robots in the Star Wars universe, and Sonny in the Robot movie.

4. Self-aware (Fictional):

Artificial Intelligence with Simple States

Types of artificial intelligence (AI) that are aware of can express themselves. Yes, you have not heard wrong. He can express it very clearly. Along with realizing the situation in which it is an extension of the theory of mind, it can realize its own self, predict the feelings of others and draw conclusions. Intelligent, sensitive and conscious, this type is defined as the next generation of machines. As an example, we can show synthetics in the Humans series, characters in the game Detroit: Become Human, host characters in the WestWorld series, Blade Runner replicants and Eva, the most dangerous among them, Ex Machina.

What Can Artificial Intelligence Do?

Artificial Intelligence with Simple States

Artificial intelligence can perform quite different tasks. For example, simply hair thinks about a wide range of topics, from cutting a sheet, creating spreadsheets, playing chess, to partner matching. However, artificial intelligence experts are divided into two in terms of how long the artificial intelligence that is not available today and which is frequently seen in movies will be real.

A 2012 study by artificial intelligence researchers Vincent C M├╝ller and philosopher Nick Bostrom argues that between 2040 and 2050, artificial intelligence had a 50% chance of being developed in that dimension, and by 2075 it was likely to complete only 90%. Another group believes that such projections are wildly optimistic, considering our limited knowledge of the human brain today, and AGI is still centuries away.

Artificial General Intelligence, or AGI (Artificial General Intelligence), is a type that can accomplish cognitive tasks that are complex enough for a person to accomplish. It uses learned skills regardless of whether it is learned previously or is being experienced for the first time. At the same time, he can discover himself and complete the assigned tasks.

Going a little further, it is estimated that Bostrom’s “super intelligence“, which he describes as “any mind that greatly exceeds the cognitive performance of people of all interests,” is expected to be expected approximately 30 years after AGI was acquired. Artificial Super Intelligence, namely ASI (Artificial Super Intelligence), is trying systems with artificial intelligence that are developing capabilities beyond human intelligence.

Which of the big technology companies are leading the artificial intelligence race?

Artificial Intelligence with Simple States

Technology giants each use artificial intelligence (AI). It offers relevant search results using artificial intelligence, brings alternative suggestions across the screen, recognizes individuals and objects in the photos, translates, detects spammy content. With Apple Siri, Amazon Alexa, Google Google Assistant and Microsoft Cortana, he is among the companies that steer artificial intelligence technology.

Each sector is turning to artificial intelligence investments in line with its Artificial Intelligence with Simple States. One of the sectors that do this very well is the health sector. There is a considerable investment volume allocated for artificial intelligence in the health market.

Artificial intelligence comes to fight against crime. Robotic cops with artificial intelligence technology have already started to work in certain countries. These include countries such as Belgium, the United Arab Emirates and New Zealand.

Result:

To sum up the above, artificial intelligence is a name given to systems that can copy the mental abilities of people such as learning and problem solving, and they have different types. Although their abilities vary depending on the type, the ability to perceive a language and speech and think strategically, or lifelong learning like a person, long and short-term memory, classification of learned skills, adding new skills to existing ones, ability to be transferred to another system. stretches up.

Although it is not yet fully foreseen what the experts can do at full capacity, it is expected that the dark side of artificial intelligence will be illuminated by 2075 at the latest. In the coming years, artificial intelligence technologies can make war decisions based on their programmed algorithms, and perhaps even control weapon systems automatically. We are heading towards such a future that the world will soon be able to decide on war and peace with the support of artificial intelligence.

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